How long is a tire? The average duration is usually set, on average, at about 40,000 kilometers, although, as a good Galician would say, it depends. Of numerous factors, which can help extend the life of the gums a little more or reduce it a lot, with the consequent economic expense.
You may have ever thought that the ideal would be never to have to change tires. Of course, our pockets would appreciate it, but not security. A tire wears out because it made of compounds that make it easier to adhere to the asphalt. The more they cling to it, the safer we will travel, but the less they will last. Manufacturers squeeze their development teams in search of the tire that achieves the perfect balance between durability and adhesion, knowing that it is an ideal that can tend to but never reach. Even so, good quality tires can last three times as bad ones.
In addition to the product, numerous factors determine the life of a tire. From the weather, the type of vehicle, and the use it is given. Some of these factors are uncontrollable by the driver, but others can control to make the tire last as long as possible. But beware, that the temperature changes change the properties of the components. But you can extend the life of the tire by following these simple tips. How many kilometers? Many more of what you will do if you don’t follow them.
1. Type of driving
It is the most determining factor for tire wear. A sporty and aggressive driving, with continuous accelerations and braking and sudden movements at the wheel, will make your tire last eight times less. Try not to subject the tire to strong drifts in the corners, where there is also irregular wear that will force them to change before the count.
Control the right foot so that the driving wheels do not skate when accelerating, especially in powerful cars or with a lot of torque (such as diesel). Not only will you avoid eating rubber from the tire, but. This result also helps to use the brake a little (slowing down with inertia).
2. Pressure and load
An incorrect pressure, due to excess or, especially by default, will cause the tire to wear out much earlier. Michelin points out that 20 % less pressure reduces the life of the tire, another 20%.
You know, a habit that you should accompany your routines and perform at least once a month and, above all, before doing one. Not only for savings but for security. And beware, that they should not always go the same, because carrying the car with 20% more load will reduce the life of the tire by 20 percent. That is why you must adapt the pressures to the manufacturer’s recommendations based on the weight of your vehicle loads.
3. Shaft Geometry
An incorrect axle geometry causes the tire to wear irregularly, one of the most dangerous problems. That means that the steering is not well aligned with the wheels, and the tire wear irregularly and prematurely. It can occur due to mismatches in the suspension (it is easy to discover if you drive with), which occurs when you raise a curb or catch a bump at a certain speed.
The solution is to make a parallel and prevent the tire from being worn four times more. Also, in the ITV, they are usually conscientious and force to change the tire when they have irregular wear. It is also advisable to perform a wheel balance to the minimum that you notice vibrations in the steering wheel since it also causes the tire not to wear evenly.
4. Valves and plugs
Beyond aesthetics, valve caps protect valves from dust and dirt. They are not expensive, so if you see that they are in poor condition (broken, do not screw well or have been stolen), replace them with new ones so that the valve is protected again.
5. Tire rotation
As a general rule, it recommended rotating the tire every 10,000 or 15,000 km for regular wear. It is very simple, and you can do it yourself. Before you look carefully at how the tires have worn out and rotate the tire depending on what you see since depending on the type of car, it will produce differently.
6. Type of tire surface
It is not the same to drive on the road in good condition, with a uniform asphalt, then on a bumpy road. In these cases, it can cause the tire to last up to three times less, apart from causing other damage to the tire. Sometimes it can’t be helped, but when there is an alternative way, it may be worth it.
It has a lot to do with the previous one, but these are very easily avoidable. We refer to those touches with the curbs when parking a car. Sometimes, to save yourself a maneuver, you can hit a or “pinch” the flank of the tire between the curb and the tire (especially those with a low profile). This result can cause internal problems in the tire that may not be visible to the naked eye, but that will end up causing them to behave worse and reduce their useful life.
8. Adverse climatology
Driving on wet floors wears tire half as much as on dry surfaces since there is less adhesion. However, on dry soil, they wear less the hotter it is.
At this point, we should talk about them. Try not to use the tire with more than 7 degrees of temperature and, when you store them, do it in an upright position and move them a little once a month to avoid deformation. By the way, when using chains in the snow, never go over 50 km / h or brake abuses, as you will deform the tires. The less time they placed, the better for the gums.
9. Type of vehicle
Which cars spend more tires? One with a lot of weight, a lot of power, and a lot of torque. At this point, now that they are so successful in the market.
10. The type of road
What most affects the wear and tear of a ture is the type of driving, but Michelin tells us that driving often on turned and mountain roads shorten the life of the tire up to five times compared to if you travel on the highway. Also, driving in the city causes added wear due to the greater number of accelerations and braking.